School dinners during World War Two and the years of austerity afterwards
School dinners - like eating out in British Restaurants, canteens and other restaurants - were off-ration in the rationing period in and after World War Two.
School dinners were served in the late 1940s at my primary school, but no-one who lived nearby stayed for them. I'm not sure why, since food at home was rationed and school meals were not.
I clearly remember seeing those school dinners arrive by lorry in large aluminium drums, having been cooked centrally somewhere. Judging by the smell, they were little more than tepid cabbage in flavoured water, probably followed by runny custard.
Costs of school dinners in wartime
School dinners during the war years were four and a half old pennies per day. On Monday morning we handed our money for the week to our teacher At dinner time, tables and chairs were set up in the school hall. Most children had school dinners as they were not part of rations.
School dinner food in wartime
A meal served two or three times a week (at least!) at my primary school was the notorious but apparently nutritious 'rissole and mash'! A 'rissole', or rather 'the rissole' - as there was only one each - was a sausage-like concoction consisting mainly of oatmeal and dried egg powder and water, with miniscule scraps of any available minced meat. It was impossible to identify the origin, whether pork, chicken or beef. It all tasted the same. The resulting concoction was coated in breadcrumb and fried in lard. With it was served a dollop of mashed potatoes and cabbage with a thin watery 'gravy'.
Semolina or tapioca - generally known as 'frog's spawn' - to follow, with runny custard. Occasionally, if we were really lucky, there would be a sponge pudding with runny jam! That was a real treat!
The only other school dinner I remember was a kind of dumpling stew, almost entirely vegetable in content, it bobbed about in a broth of some sort, possibly chicken, but you couldn't be sure. I hated it, but ate it anyway.
My first experience of actually having to eat school dinners was at my grammar school which I started in 1950. Those school dinners were nutritious but pretty awful. What it was like to be forced to eat them - yes, forced! - is described more fully on their own page.