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Grammar schools, mid 20th century


A state-of-the-art UK grammar school, 1936-1950s

new grammar schools planned 1930s

The ideal design for a new UK school for senior children has changed over the years. This page shows what it was in the 1930s, just before World War Two. As there was no unnecessary building during the war and in the years of austerity after the war, this design remained the showcase for school design until the late 1950s.


By the webmaster, a pupil at the school in the 1950s, from personal recollections and research

Copthall School was built just before the war and was held up nationwide as an example of modern excellence. Visitors regularly seemed to visit to view the school's design and facilities.

The original design and plans for Copthall School

The front entrance of Copthall County Grammar School in the 1950s.

Artist's impression of the proposed school c1935

The school was built on the site of a manor called Copt Hall, and this gave it its name.

This artist's impression of its appear­ance comes from the Internet Archive which includes in its archives the book Modern Building Practice, Vol 1: Design & Planning by Percy Thomas published in 1936.

The link under the photo leads to a page in the book which, if you click, links to further pages of detailed plans of the proposed rooms in the school. By my time in the 1950s, these had changed a very great deal! And you may like to check how much they had changed by your time.

Copthall was officially in Page Street, Mill Hill, and its address and main entrance were there. Today the main entrance has been moved sideways, although the main building is essentially the same. Copthall's current address is Pursley Road, Mill Hill, London, NW7 2EP.

The proposed and actual curriculum

The above-mentioned book implies that the school was originally planned according to what I can only describe as old-fashioned views of the place of women in society, with the emphasis on domesticity but also on behaviour as young ladies.

By the 1950s, when I was at the school, that had changed. In particular, only girls who passed well in the 11-plus exam were accepted, and full scientific and foreign language curricular were in place. A significant number of pupils went on to university.

The school in the 1950s

The front entrance of Copthall County Grammar School in the 1950s.

View from the front in the 1950s

Postcard photographs of the school were on sale while I was a pupil at Copthall, and I bought copies because I have always prized photographic records. The aerial photograph shows the buildings, tennis courts and sports field as they were then.

1950s aerial photograph of Copthall County Grammar School, Mill Hill, north London, small image

1950s aerial photograph of Copthall County Grammar School. Being a professional photograph is has fine detail. Tap/click for a larger version.

This first photo shows something of the imposing appearance of the front of Copthall. Not that we pupils were ever allowed to use that main entrance. As I, like many of my fellow schoolmates cycled to school, it felt natural anyway to use the side entrance which led directly to the bicycle sheds. These sheds can be seen by the near tennis courts in the enlarged version of the aerial photograph. (At that time cycling was relatively safe as there was so much less traffic on the roads.)

The school inside

While I was at Copthall, I always thought how elegant it was. It even had central heating. When I went back for a visit in later life, I realised how much dark wood there was, particularly in the school hall where the floor, unless memory betrays me, was oak parquet.

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