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The bus tickets that I best remember are those from when I was a young child in the 1940s. By the 1950s, I was old enough to travel quite long distances on my bicycle, which I used in preference to buses because it was free and did not tie me to a timetable.
The 1940s tickets were on rack which the bus conductor carried, and they were held in place with springs as shown in the photographs.
Each denomination of bus ticket was of a different colour and had various destinations and fare stages printed on.
Tickets had to be kept carefully until the end of the journey.
One reason was that every so often a ticket inspector would board the bus at a bus stop along the route and check everyone's ticket.
The ticket system for trams was identical to that on buses.
As lads at that time we used to raid the used ticket box on the rear platform of buses to obtain more tickets for our used ticket collections.
Another reason was that buses often broke down, which I suppose was due to the lack of availability of parts during the shortages of the war and the years of austerity afterwards. When this happened, all the passengers had to crowd out to wait for the next bus to come along. Then they had to show their tickets to the new conductor in order to avoid double payment.
Passengers had some check on the fare they should be paying because a grid showing 'fare stages' between bus stops was displayed in the bus, usually above the luggage hold. Fare stages were usually between fairly well-used bus stops.
Some years after the war a new type of bus ticket was introduced. The paper was on a roll and tickets were printed specially for each customer's journey. The bus conductor had the machine round his neck and shoulders and operated it with a handle. Out popped the ticket which he tore off and gave to the passenger. These tickets were old on the buses during journeys, just as the earlier style tickets had been.
Drivers selling bus tickets from their driving seats as passengers got onto a bus was years away. When it came, it must have saved money for the bus companies because one one person rather than two were required to staff each bus.