Types of air raid-shelter
in World War Two Britain
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I was born three months before the Second World War which started in 1939,
and I lived in north London. So it was quite normal for me to expect German
bombers to fly over our skies and drop bombs. Air-raid sirens gave some warning
- although not always enough. As soon as we heard the siren, we made our way to an
air-raid shelter (also known as a bomb shelter).
There were several types. At the time, I knew, or knew of, the following:
- the indoor shelter that my family used, called a
Morrison shelter which is
discussed and illustrated on its own page;
- the garden shelter that other families used, called an
shelter which is
also discussed and illustrated on its own page; and
I learnt later that there were other shelters:
- existing spaces originally designed for other uses but taken over
for use as shelters (both on another page) and
- shelters created by large businesses and factories for their
employees which were either like the purpose-built public shelters or in
adapted and reinforced basements.